Kili Christmas morning 2019
Kilimanjaro early on Christmas Morning 2019

Greetings from Tanzania! Happy New Year!

We had some wonderful days over the holidays with our niece, who has lived and served with Peace Corps in Mozambique for the last few years. Reflecting on our conversations with her has led us to some deep thinking about an issue that is clear to everyone here but is often difficult to discuss elsewhere: being white in Africa.

We live and serve at a university with over 75 staff and faculty and nearly 4000 students. There are six white folk in that group. We are 2 of them. Everyone knows who we are—students in law, education, and social sciences, whom we have never met and will never teach—they, along with their professors, know who we are. We stand out—not just because of Cynthia’s white hair nor Mark’s great height. No, the color of our skin makes us remarkable and memorable in ways that are different, requiring adjustment on our parts.

We look like early missionaries—and colonists—who arrived in East Africa in the 19th century. We come from and represent a partner denomination—one of a group of 13 partners, all of whom are majority white denominations and organizations, which provide a lot of the university’s financial support. We witness lots of examples of donor-driven activity here—programs that exist because someone—generally a white person—in a foreign city far away decided that the program was needed, or the building should be built, or a staff or faculty member should serve here.

We teach at a university that has one of the best academic libraries in East Africa, a library that holds the largest group of research about the church in East Africa in the world (RESEARCHER FRIENDS TAKE NOTE), and a book and database collection that would look paltry and insufficient for any institution of like size in the US. Our students come to us from an educational system that is underfunded and schools that are overcrowded. These realities have a great impact on what, and how, we can teach.

Over the last three years, we have had a number of students leave campus for a time because of the death of one of their children. Others have left because their wife or husband died. On two occasions, one of our students has died. The terminal illnesses varied in these cases, having only one thing in common: they were all treatable.

We serve in a deeply patriarchal society, the impacts of which splash over into the church. Some parts of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania partner with the ELCA. Others partner with the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. Our students, and many in the ELCT, perceive that the money of the partners comes with strings attached—either pressure TO ordain women or NOT TO ordain women. Leaders strive to keep all relations with the partners copacetic, while (sometimes openly) resenting the power that these white-led partners in ministry have over ministry here.

All of these issues are impacted by race—so being white and serving in Africa, a distinctly non-white space, puts us in positions that are clearly privileged and often painful. Tanzania is in the process of registering all residents with national identification cards. The process includes many steps and lots of visits to different offices. The lines are long and require patience—and for us easily-burned white folk, hats—as we stand in the hot sun. In one of these lines last month, our years in Africa rendered us both not surprised and chagrined when a government official, who saw us through a window, came out and told us to jump the line and come inside. Part of this is because our process is different and longer because we are not citizens. Part of it is because we are white. Walking past old people, moms carrying babies, and people with disabilities to get served first is awkward, and it reinforces colonial ideas about race which we work to disrupt.

As white disciples serving in Africa, we are really grateful for our colleagues and students, who have welcomed us to ministry here at the University. Serving here offers opportunities for deep conversations about all of these issues in our classes, as race impacts the way we read the Bible, understand mission history, comprehend God, view the church and relate to each other. Being white in Africa has changed us.

We are looking forward to congregational visitors this year—a great way to start these kinds of conversations. Ugandan missiologist Emmanuel Katangole views the sacred act of eating together as a missiological model that bridges differences and creates space for the building of mutual understanding. We share some pics below of US college students and our students eating together, experiencing the power of this model. We have no doubt that everyone who takes part in visits here will have this as part of their time. The impact of visiting is both significant and lasting! If you want to talk about coming to see what God is doing here at the university, please be in touch!

We are preparing our 2020 congregational visit schedule. Some dates are reserved, and others are in conversation. Congregations pay for travel, meals and lodging. We expect by March 1 to have the weekends reserved. There are some August, September, October weekends and lots of time during the week available. Contact us soon if you’d like to see us this year! We really look forward to seeing you! Here, some views of our life over the past month, including the visit to campus of a  J-term class of 30 students and their profs from Carthage College, an ELCA school in Kenosha, WI.

As always, we thank you for your support, without which none of this would be possible. Blessings in this Epiphany season! May you see, hear and experience God’s revelation in new and powerful ways as this year begins.

In Christ, Cynthia Holder Rich and Mark Rich


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We’re back! Our November 2019 newsletter

MISSION UPDATE    November 2019     Mark Rich and Cynthia Holder Rich

ELCA Mission Personnel serving at Tumaini University Makumira

near Arusha, Tanzania

 We’re back!

After many weeks in the US, we’re back at Tumaini University Makumira, and grateful to be here! We’ve spent a couple weeks greeting friends, setting up life, and preparing to teach. And as always, we’re working to let go one rhythm, one set of rules, one way of doing things in order to pick up another.

We’re back, where if one wants hot water, one turns the hot water heater on.

We’re back, where we filter our water before drinking.

We’re back, where a mosquito net drapes our bed each night.

AND back, where our students are so very grateful for the opportunity to study theology. Back, where colleagues are grateful for our presence, and where we are grateful for their support. Back, to be reminded that in this part of the church, every pastor sees him or herself as called to evangelism, in a highly religiously-pluralistic context where less than half the population is Christian.

We’re back, where we are not in charge. Where the class schedules and course load agreed upon before we left the country have changed in many ways, for reasons beyond anyone’s control. Where students we thought would be here are not and some we didn’t expect are here—also for reasons beyond anyone’s control, including the students’ themselves.

Back, to hear a new Anglican student say he enrolled here because Tumaini is “the best Christian university in the country”, to hear another state how he has been able to apply what he has learned from us in his ministry, to have a woman student come quietly and share how happy she is that we have returned. Back to greet the first students we have had as Bachelor’s students in our time here return for graduate studies. Back to see growth in many areas at the University, and concern expressed in others.

We’re back, and so grateful for the opportunity to be here!

MANY, MANY THANKS to all who welcomed us during our home leave, for visits, classes, worship, presentations, and conversations. We so appreciate you all! Enjoy some pics of our time in the US, and a few from our yard here now, as the short rainy season bursts forth. In this month of All Saints, we’re grateful for all you saints of God!

Peace and love, Cynthia and Mark

July 2019 Mission News


The end of our SECOND FULL YEAR OF TEACHING is coming VERY SOON! (can you hear the cheering from there????) We are grateful, happy for our students, and often frazzled with all there is to do to finish the semester. As we write, classes have come to an end and exams start in a couple weeks. We are both supervising students at the Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD levels, so there’s a lot of advising left to do. Thanks in advance for your prayers!

JUNE was a very busy month. Three ELCA bishops, two representatives from the Women of the ELCA (WELCA), and two ELCA Global Mission Area Program Directors, and three representatives from the Lutheran World Federation came to visit Tanzania and the ELCT for the ELCT Quadrennial Clergywomen Consultation. We were very grateful to be able to attend this historic event. Most of the ELCT ordains women, and in many of those dioceses, clergywomen continue to struggle to find good and meaningful pastoral work. (In case you are wondering, this continues to be an issue for US clergywomen as well!) Two of the dioceses do not yet ordain women. The meeting was held in one of these, and many strong statements were made in support of women and women’s call to serve in ministry. Thanks be to God for this gospel call that fully includes women!

Some of the visitors came to the University before the Consultation began. Theology students and faculty met with the ELCA visitors, and good conversations ensued. Here are a few glimpses from a very special day.

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The BD5 (final year, final semester theology degree) students in Missiology and Ecumenism class gather in small groups to present different aspects of missiology—approaches we can take in leading the mission of the church—using scholarly articles written about mission efforts in Tanzania. This year, the small groups chose five very different topics. We were grateful to have five thought-provoking presentations of missiological approaches, on:

WITCH ACCUSATIONS, one of the ways that the patriarchal system here victimizes women, who are the majority of those accused of being witches. Accusations often come when a woman’s husband dies, and the community or the husband’s family accuses the widow of causing her husband’s death, in order to chase the widow out of her house and off her property. The group presented ideas on how the church should respond.

ECONOMIC DISCIPLESHIP—how to live in solidarity with people living in urban poverty, and how to lift up those who are very poor. The article presented the idea that poor people can gather together and pool resources to transform their lives, and the church should stand with them in this work. The group talked about ways in which this echoed Assets-Based Community Development (ABCD) approaches, part of the class curriculum.

WANGARI MAATHAI and ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP, on the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize (2004), and how she inspired and energized women to transform their lives and the environment through saving green spaces, planting trees, and empowering women for their God-given leadership roles.

The PROSPERITY GOSPEL, on how to approach and confront ideas, brought to Africa from North America decades ago, that combine Pentecostal preaching, liturgy and music with the idea that the sign that one is faithful is prosperity in this life; and,

The building of an AMERICAN MISSION ORPHANAGE on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro, and the surprising number of misunderstandings that emerged when American missionaries showed up unbidden in a community (no, they weren’t Lutheran or Presbyterian) offering to start an orphanage—and the community assumed the work would reflect their values rather than those of the donors. Just like everywhere else in the world, when we minister with children, sensitivities run high and cultural norms can really clash.

The students, most of whom are studying, reading, and presenting in at least their third language, did a marvelous job. Here’s just a taste of the energy in these presentations:

Wangari Maathai
“Wangari Maathai” and the Kenyan women she inspired protest development projects, encouraging saving green spaces and the planting of trees in order to save the environment.
The Orphanage Director conflicts with the Village Elders on whom the orphanage should serve and who gets to decide—American donors or the community.

THERE IS MUCH TO DO before we leave for home assignment in August! Our students are finishing research theses, final exams start soon, and there will be much reading, correcting, and marking for us to do. So we are not finding time to be bored!

We often remember you all, the faithful disciples who lift prayers, write notes, and send financial support to make our ministries possible. We are so very grateful. We look forward to meeting many of you in the next few months.

Blessings to you all,

Mark Rich (Mark.Rich@elca.org) and Cynthia Holder Rich (Cynthia.HolderRich@elca.org)



When Cynthia taught at Western Theological Seminary in Michigan, her department worked on outreach with local Hispanic/Latinx pastors seeking theological education. The team worked for months on plans for an intensive workshop, securing good speakers and teachers, working on logistics—food, teaching and hospitality spaces, books, lodging, and partnering with local ministerial associations to invite pastors and leaders. Finally, the big week came—but many pastors who had shown interest did not! The first day was a pretty empty experience, with the team feeling a rising sense of anxiety about the investment of time, money, and resources and how everything done had resulted in failure. THEN, in the late afternoon, pastors started showing up. The day was to have started at 8:30, and pastors started coming—in large numbers!—around 4:30! By 6 the room was full—which was wonderful—and also confusing. What had happened? Was the communication strategy wrong? Was this cultural—did people understand a full day late as on time? And, there was anger—how much disrespect did people have for the efforts that had been made on their behalf???
NO. None of these were the case. The reality was that the SOCCER (FOOTBALL) WORLD CUP was taking place. The matches were being played in Europe, so fans in the US were watching very early in the morning, resting during the day, and working at night. WE HAD SCHEDULED OUTREACH TO SOCCER FANS DURING THE WORLD CUP. It was the Western Seminary team’s mistake, and it was a big one. By God’s grace, they were able to work with the pastors and leaders to flip the schedule and have teaching every evening that week. It was wonderful! The team was grateful! And there was a lot of discussion, during the week and for some time after, about how much the team and the seminary, led almost exclusively by non-Hispanic, non-Latinx people, had to learn if they were going to offer effective educational strategies to this new culturally-different student population.
As we write this, it is Eid al Fitr, the celebration for Muslims of the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. On the Tanzanian mainland, 35-45% of citizens are Muslim, and on the island of Zanzibar, a semi-autonomous region of the country, more than 90% are Muslim. Here in the Arusha area, there are mosques in most communities. We hear the call to prayer every morning from a local mosque before the bell that rings from the University chapel at 6 am. There are many Muslim students at the University, and all of these have been fasting while taking full time classes over the last month.
Tanzania has worked hard since independence for peace between peoples of different faiths. Our students in the Faculty of Theology are all Christian, and many are already ordained pastors. Most of them have good friends who are Muslim—they grew up going to school, and playing, and having close relationships with Muslim kids and Muslim families in their neighborhoods.

Muslim and Christian schoolkids getting snacks after school

Every day, we see school kids walking to and from school—mixed groups of Muslim and Christian kids walking together, holding hands, and playing—as a soccer/football game might break out at any time when space and a ball present themselves. In classes, we discuss ministry strategies where pastors and imams work together so that people facing illness, or poverty, or hunger, or drought can be served. We can get lulled into amnesia, and have to remind ourselves that these relatively easy, normal and straightforward conversations might be very different if we were teaching at a variety of seminaries in the US.
The celebration of Eid is not a set date. The decision about when it starts happens based on leaders in the Muslim Council of Tanzania sighting the new moon. So, at the beginning of this week, our Dean told us—it might be Wednesday, or it might be Thursday, and we will tell you as soon as we can. As Eid is a national holiday, and classes do not meet on the day that it is celebrated, this makes planning for teaching a bit tricky—for us. No one here, students or faculty, seems to see this as a problem, as they have lived with this religious and cultural uncertainty all their lives. So we have to learn to
do the same.
When wishing people a blessed Eid, the proper greeting is Eid Mubarak. The Kiswahili verb to bless is kubariki—based on a borrowed word from Arabic for blessing. Hebrew shares the root, with the very common Biblical word for blessing in Hebrew, berakah ( ברכה ), sounding very familiar to our Kiswahili-speaking students and colleagues. As we study and speak Kiswahili and find more and more Arabic borrowed words in the language, many of which have Hebrew cognates, we find ourselves thinking about the marvel of language and how it carries and mixes cultures.
Becoming interculturally competent is crucial for mission. From the first moment of an interview to enter mission service, this key skill is emphasized, discussed, taught and encouraged. We work on this daily, opening ourselves to learning new things, new ways of thinking, new understandings of life and ministry, new ways to share the good news.
We enjoy the learning and we are happy to increase our competence. And we struggle. We struggle with learning new things, new words, new vocabulary, new ways of being. There are times—many times—when we are tired, or homesick, or both, and we are just plain frustrated with having to learn new things in order to operate effectively here. There are times when every missionary just wants to go home where things are
easier, more familiar, and where those we love the best can be greeted face to face rather than over a Skype call. We are like all of our missionary colleagues in this. And like all of them, we know that living and serving internationally means that we have no choice but to work to become more interculturally competent—both because we enjoy sanity as a feature of life and ministry, and in order to teach and serve effectively.
We have been blessed—tumebarikiwa (can you see that Arabic root in the word?)—to serve internationally, both in Madagascar and now here in Tanzania. Our view of the world and the church has broadened in ways we couldn’t imagine before. Our international service has changed the way we serve, preach, teach and lead in the US. And, as the US becomes ever-more diverse and international, we wish the blessing—tunataka baraka—of growing intercultural competence for every US pastor, and every US believer, and every US congregation. There is joy in this work to which Jesus calls us all.

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We are both very much looking forward to the visit of ELCA Presiding Bishop Elizabeth Eaton and Bishops Patricia Davenport and Viviane Thomas-Breitfeld, the first two African American woman bishops elected in the ELCA, later this month! They are coming to take part in and help lead the ELCT Clergywomen Consultation, a quadrennial event. We have been blessed to share in planning for this event!
Please pray for us, for the ELCT Clergywomen, who are hoping and praying for the election, at some point in the future, of women bishops in the ELCT. We know that the visit of three ELCA women bishops will prove a blessing to us all and to their ELCT clergywomen sisters.
Blessings to you all! We look forward to the blessing of seeing many of you face to face later this year. Your prayers, notes, emails, comments, and financial support make our service possible. Thank you for blessing us!
In Christ, Cynthia Holder Rich and Mark Rich

Lecturers in Theology, Tumaini University Makumira, Arusha, Tanzania

The Sound of Resurrection

Lent and Easter arrive in the fall in Tanzania, after the hot summer months. Christmas is celebrated when it is hot, and by Easter, the weather is cool. Christians in northern Tanzania expect to celebrate Easter wearing their warmer clothes—and they hope the day will bring the need for umbrellas as well.

During our first Lenten season here in 2018, people often remarked to us how much it was raining. As we were new, we didn’t know why that was remarkable. After a while, we asked about it. We learned that 2018 was remarkable for its rains, for it was the first year in many that the fall rains were “normal” – that is, it rained most every day from March-May. If you do a web search for times to visit, you will be discouraged from coming then, because of the rain. Some of our favorite restaurants close as so few tourists arrive, because of the rain. It’s hard to take part in my favorite form of exercise—swimming—because of the rain. Books and tablecloths in houses start to grow mold—because of the rain. It rained so much last year that we both got pretty tired of being cold last year. With no indoor heating, the moisture in the cool air can make everyone feel pretty chilled.

hail on March 6
Hail on March 6

So, we thought we knew what to expect this year. We brought warm pjs, flannel sheets, and sweaters back from the US, confident that we were now prepared. BUT this year is different than last year. This year, we had a few days of rain in late February, and we both thought the rains had begun. We even had hail, a new experience for us here, in early March.

And then the rains stopped. From March 6 to March 30—one short shower all told. For the first month of what is supposed to be the fall rainy season, we had very, very little rain. Our lawn got increasingly crunchy. The campus got increasingly dusty. The dust in our home was everywhere. Days were hot. Nights were humid and stuffy. People with respiratory conditions struggled. Everyone prayed for rain.

dust storm
A dust storm near Arusha

Finally, on March 31, the rains started. Since then, we have had 8 days where at least some rain has fallen. Sometimes it has rained all night long. We, like everyone else in northern Tanzania, are so happy to see and hear it. Some nights, we snuggle under our warm blankets, lulled to sleep by the sound of falling rain. When it rains, everyone is so very happy. And everyone is so very concerned.

A regular, reliable rhythm of the rains in this part of the planet is needed in its season to ensure the continuation of life here in its many forms. The “short” rainy season in November 2018 was almost a non-event. The delayed long rainy season raises anxiety for everyone, from herdsmen, to farmers, to market sellers, to everyone buying in the market, and to even those involved in the very large tourist industry—for if the rains would go away and dry up altogether, the animals the tourists come to see would leave too.

As we waited for the rains to start, I thought about a book I read a few thousand times to our children, Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain by Verna Aardema. As the title suggests, the story, set in East Africa and echoing an ancient tale, is told in rhyme. Ki-pat, a Maasai man who looks like many who live here in the Arusha area, shot down the rain with a special arrow and bow he fashioned using an eagle feather. His actions ended a time of drought when “the rains were so very belated that all of the big wild creatures migrated”. It’s a fun story, and the artwork looks much like the area where we live. The last pages look just like a Maasai boma.

Bringing the rain to Kapiti Plain

We still like and highly recommend the book. And we have come to understand why a lack of rain is part of many African tales.  Ki-pat’s scrawny cows were saved when he shot down the rain, but today, no one is looking for eagle feathers to solve the problem of increasing drought. Everyone is thrilled and grateful when it rains, and deeply concerned when it does not. Everyone in this agriculturally-based society knows that a few days of rain will not prove enough. The cumulative impact of fully four months of rain a year is needed to nurture life here. So a delay or a shortening in the rains makes everyone worry.

Watching Our Planet, the new documentary narrated by David Attenborough, early in this rainy season put much of the anxiety Tanzanians are feeling into a broader context. The stark and chilling impacts of climate change globally are undeniable, as the amazing videography demonstrates. Damage has been done. We have changed our planet home—we have harmed it. At times, the harm seems irreparable. One rational reaction to watching Our Planet might be to throw up our collective hands and to say, “Well, that’s it. Game over. There’s no use in trying. We have done irreversible damage, and there’s nothing we can do.”

And by the grace of our loving Creator, that would be patently untrue. NO, I am not trying to be a Pollyanna, to look unthinkingly on the bright side, or to shut my eyes to what the world around me is saying. I am sharing a claim of faith.

God has gifted us with a creation that regenerates and revises course as circumstances change and when needed. As many of the episodes demonstrate, God’s creatures and creation are wondrously adaptable. Many times over the course of the planet’s history, adaptation and regeneration has been required, and at those times, as scientific researchers have documented, adaptation has occurred. God’s creation is indeed very good.  For many of these moments of change and adaptation, humans were not part of the equation. God’s creation has adaptability built-in to regenerate and bring resurrection where it seemed death would have the last word.

Now, at this moment when change is needed, we are here, and as the Psalmist reminds us, we have been made “a little lower than God” (Psalm 8:5). This has given us enormous power, and with this power comes responsibility. God has created us, equipped us with intelligence and imagination, and called us to be stewards of the gift of creation. At this moment of climate crisis, we are called to steward better—much better—than we have in the last 50 years.

Easter reminds us that God has created life with a rhythm—birth, death, resurrection, new birth—and then the cycle begins again. The sound of resurrection here in Tanzania is the sound of the rain falling upon the land. The rains remind us that birth and death have come, and that God continues to bring new life where only death existed before. As we thank God and celebrate Easter for the inestimable gift of new life in Jesus, we praise God for the rains, and pray that the whole human community will decide to take our faithful role, that resurrection, regeneration, and adaptation may come again.

We thank you in advance for adding prayers for rain here in East Africa to your devotional life.

Eastertide blessings,

Cynthia Holder Rich               and                  Mark Rich

Cynthia.HolderRich@elca.org                       Mark.Rich@elca.org

And check here for a look at the precious rain in our thirsty yard.



Lenten reflections from Tanzania

In this Lenten season, I have been pondering IDENTITY: how people find and form identity—just how we figure out who we are. Identity is about what it means to be me, or you, or us, and just what happens so that we, or you, or I came to our/your/my sense of self.

The news in this Lenten season is chock-full of identity stories. There are stories of identities formed around hate of the other: the massacre at two mosques in New Zealand, the defacing of headstones at a Jewish cemetery in Massachusetts, moves to remove the citizenship of all non-Jews in Israel. For many—or most—involved in these activities, hate—the desire to destroy—forms a significant, and sometimes consuming, part of their identity.

There are those whose identities are formed through fear. Fear of those coming over the border, or fear of people who are different, or fear of people whose faith is unlike their own—these fears are very powerful, and often, contagious. All human beings are at risk of infectious fear impacting their identities.

And there are stories of identities formed through living through disasters: horrific loss of life in the Ethiopian Airlines crash, loss and transformation of life through flooding in Nebraska, Iowa, and Missouri, and obliteration of whole communities in Mozambique. No matter what happens to those who are left behind after these disasters happen, their lives, and their understandings of life, will have gone through a process of involuntary reformulation. Their identities will change—indeed, they are changing even as you read this.

And sometimes, we see people forming identity through disagreement with others. I communicated with one of my legislators, encouraging a vote on a particular issue. My mistake—I communicated on the legislator’s social media page, which gave some people who disagree with me the chance to respond. I was called stupid, ignorant, unthinking, and irresponsible. And then, a couple days later, I received word from one who communicated his “hope that your family would be violently attacked.” At least one person so disagreed with me that part of his identity was a burning desire that I and those I love the best would be personally harmed.

Identity is a key part of the journey of faith. A couple stories illustrate.

We serve in a context that is unapologetically patriarchal. We are grateful that the church we serve here, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (ELCT), voted some years ago to ordain women. Some of our students have shared that the decision to ordain women only came after pressure from northern partner churches, including the church that appointed us, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). Since then, some partners, including the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, have pressured some dioceses to stop ordaining women. Both the first decision, for ordination, and the second, against ordination, have been backed up with funding support. Women’s ordination is very much a contended issue in the church and among our students. Our women students carry this contentious issue in their bodies, their spirits, and their identities. Many of our women students are quiet in class, not volunteering answers nor asking questions. Many of them will come to the teacher on a class break and say, in a very low, nearly inaudible voice, “I’m sorry, Dr., I have a question.” To have to be sorry to have a question—to know that one’s vocation is an issue about which faith leaders disagree—this is formational for the identity of our women students. It is formational, as well, for the men—who either grieve and protest the patriarchy, or quietly—and sometimes more outwardly—support it as a principle of faith.
Last month, leaders of the United Methodist Church from across the globe gathered to discuss their common identity, and what role sexual identity and orientation play in that identity. Living in Africa, we were not disinterested observers, although neither of us is United Methodist. The votes taken did not settle the identity issues on the table, although some may have hoped for consensus. Some commentary since the meeting about the impact of “the Africans” taking part has been significantly short of the nuance and complexity required. When disciples from richer countries and disciples from poorer countries gather with the implicit/explicit agreement that their identity includes equality in discussion and decision-making, a great deal of care is needed. This is particularly true when the gathering includes former colonists and formerly-colonized folk, gathering both at decision-making tables and the table where Jesus is our host. So many issues of identity fly around the room at such meetings! There are no easy ways to discern identity or form common identity. So, we can see energy put to answer questions of who is to blame—who is identified as wrong—which in these contexts, we often see labelled not just as “wrong”, but, more strongly and punitively, as “unfaithful”. When we see people deciding that they are able to define the identities of others in the community of disciples, we need to pay attention, slow down, and take particular care.

I’m preaching in a couple weeks, and the scriptures for the Sunday are all over this question of identity. The people of Israel eat of the produce of the land and their own labor, and at that moment the gift of manna ceases to fall upon them. Their identity changes, in the providence of God, from receiver to producer (Joshua 5). Members of the church at Corinth are encouraged to understand that in Jesus, their identity has changed. This change is so thorough-going that they will see everyone else differently, and that their own identity has become one of ambassadors for Christ (II Corinthians 5). And Jesus shares parables of the lost (Luke 15)—sheep, coins, and a son. The son, in particular, goes through a process of identity formation, and reformation, and reformation yet again. Finally, he who identified as lost, as slave, as not worthy is identified as worthy, as beloved, as found.


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Every year during Lent, we travel the road of identity formation, of discerning what it means to find our identity in our Savior, of thinking through questions of who Jesus is, and so, who we are. We struggle, truth be told, to find our identity in Christ. Much too often, we find our identity in hate—in disagreement—in how we are more faithful than others, who we label unfaithful or much more awful names. Much too often, we attack others on the basis of their gender, their race, their orientation, their lifestyle, or how many diplomas they have on their wall or how many dollars are in their accounts. Every Lent, faced with the reality of our own sin in identifying with everything but Jesus, we wonder where hope can be found. Every Lent, we despair, we agonize, and we struggle, asking with Paul: “Who will rescue me from this body of death?” (Romans 7:24).

And then, without fail, the One who sought the lost sheep, who sees God in the woman who found the lost coin, who ran to greet the lost son—this very One comes to greet us, and to kiss us, and to adorn us with festal garments. This One is not asking who we are or what we have done—because this One KNOWS US better than we know ourselves. This One, even Jesus, knows that we ARE WORTHY, we ARE VALUABLE, and because we are dearly loved, we can share this with all who are lost, and lonely, and afraid.

Disciples are given this holy season for many reasons. Here are just two. We receive the season of Lent so we can think about our identity, and how we have formed our identity through emotions, thoughts and values that do not reflect Christ—that are, in fact, part of how we sin. And, we also receive this season so that we have at least one time a year when Jesus can remind us of how he sees us. May we all take this precious time as the gift that it is and come to Holy Week ready to recommit ourselves to seeing ourselves, and others, as Jesus sees us all.

Cynthia Holder Rich

February 2019 Mission Update

GREETINGS TO YOU ALL! We write on a hot day, as first semester classes have come to an end. We are thinking of you all—particularly those living through weather that is dangerously cold, icy, and snowy.


We both have been blessed by good education, at public school, university, and graduate levels. We often think of those who taught and formed us, and from whose mentoring we continue to draw as we teach students here. Of the many things that we have been taught, critical thinking is among the most valuable, whether the subject matter was music, philosophy, art, aesthetics, theology, ethics, economic development or ministry.

We have come to value this part of our education even more as we teach and work with students who have not had this kind of educational background. Most of our students have learned in overcrowded classrooms, with few teaching materials available, in an educational culture convinced that the teacher holds all the wisdom in the room. Our students arrive at University having learned well—and excelled in learning—how to conform to expectations, how to repeat what has been told, and how to not (that is, never, ever) challenge authority. Educators and educational administrators come by this approach to teaching honestly. This is a legacy passed down by colonial and mission leaders, who had no interest in encouraging critical thinking among the colonized. Once this approach was established it became very difficult to uproot.

Additionally, Tanzania is an incredibly beautiful land—and a very poor country, where teaching, like lots of the other activities of life and ministry, is just harder than it is in countries that have more resources. For example, some of the lecture classes here at the University have 700 students in the class. It would be great to have smaller classes and interact more with students—and that doesn’t happen because the funds needed to hire more teachers aren’t in the budget.

Finally, the teaching of critical thinking skills may bring questions to, and from, those in power. Paulo Freire, whose very important book Pedagogy of the Oppressed was published 50 years ago, was arrested, tortured and exiled by Brazilian authorities for his work empowering poor people through education. Freire spoke against what he called the “banking” model of education—where students enter as empty vessels and teachers deposit knowledge—and spoke for education as freeing people for critical thought and action. Half a century later, Brazil’s current leaders see Freire’s work as dangerous. Thinking critically carries risk.

Our students are preparing to serve as pastors and leaders for the church. For all of us as disciples, thinking critically about one’s culture is a required part of following Jesus. Jesus calls this, “loving the Lord your God with your whole mind” (Mark 12:30). It is also one of the most difficult things about discipleship—to commit each day to following, both when it confirms our cultural values and when it conflicts with them. This is hard for disciples in the US. It is equally hard for disciples in Tanzania.

We are working with our students toward a more integrated ecclesiology—a more fulsome understanding of church, where the people of God, each and every one, gather, bringing their individual gifts together to build holy community. To approach the church in this way takes open minds and hearts, and an inspired curiosity about what God might have in store for the future. It takes faith in the power of the Spirit to change the present. It takes sacred imagination. It takes critical thinking.

To help students move from educational and ministry goals like conforming and repeating, toward goals of thinking and imagining—this is often not an easy task. It takes a lot of work, and there are some days when we both wonder if progress is happening. And, by God’s grace, we are regularly granted the opportunity to witness when the change, the integration, and the joy of transformative ideas happens for a student. When that happens, it is wondrous to behold.

We are both blessed with experiences of this wonder regularly. This month, we share some pictures from Cynthia’s Introduction to Christian Education class, where Paulo Freire’s work is part of the curriculum, and where student groups taught on grace, salvation, nonviolent approaches to change, freedom, forgiveness, and more—and encouraged us in the class to think critically about Scripture and faith.

In the coming months, we will share about our work supervising student research, where we are often gifted with the chance to glimpse students integrating their faith, their education, and the quickening of the Spirit to grow our common understanding of faith and ministry in Africa and beyond. These kinds of experiences make us so grateful for the opportunity to do this work. Your support makes our teaching here possible. We can’t thank you enough!


We were pleased to welcome visitors to campus from Carthage College, an ELCA school in Kenosha, WI, last month. Both the Women’s Choir and a J-Term class on Religion in Africa visited Tumaini University Makumira. One of the professors for the class, the Rev. Dr. Andrea Ng’weshemi, is an alum of Tumaini and a former ELCT pastor. He and Dr. Fatih Harpci of Carthage’s Religion faculty brought 32 students to TZ. Some of our students took time to visit with Carthage students about research. And the concert given by the Women’s Choir made for a wonderful evening!

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We live in a wonderful place, and we daily thank our Creator God for all the bounty and beauty of the world. There are so many reasons that Tanzania is one of the top tourist destinations in Africa. Here’s a few pics from the glories we have seen over the last month.

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We are in the process of planning congregational visits for August, September and October 2019. Our weekends are filling up—there are just a few Sundays available. Midweek dates are very open Please be in touch soon if you want us to come! We look forward to meeting many of you later this year.

AND, if you or a congregation you know are interested in joining with us on this journey of mission, witness, and service—please let us know! We can point you to a variety of ways that you can take part through prayer, virtual and physical visits, and financial support.

Our prayers for you all, and for your ministries, continue. Blessings as you seek to follow Jesus where you are! Thanks for helping us follow Jesus in this place.


Mark (Mark.Rich@elca.org) and Cynthia (Cynthia.HolderRich@elca.org)

www.mandcintz.com and on FB M & C in TZ

Our January 2019 Newsletter – Living in God’s Garden

In most of our newsletters we talk about our work and the work of the ELCT – and that’s normal. It’s why we’re here and it’s why you support us; to do God’s work among God’s people, our sisters and brothers in Tanzania. There will be lots more of that news in months and years to come. But this time, I want to talk about another aspect of God’s work here in this part of God’s good earth: the plants and their environment.

If you take a good look on Google Maps at our campus, you easily see that we live in a beautiful garden. Let me illustrate that with a small satellite snapshot of TZ:

tanzania capture

This is a recent Landsat pic of our part of northern Tanzania. You can easily see the green zones around both Mt Kilimanjaro to the right and Mt Meru to the left. The blue dot is our campus, just inside the year-round garden zone that Meru provides. Outside those gardens many of the lands are semi-arid, turning green or brown depending on the rainy or dry seasons. Inside them, where we live, the land is green and lush all year round. The rice farms just outside campus grow rice year-round – three crops a year. The same is true of all the other grains, vegetables, and fruits.

Much of Tanzania is semi-arid, producing crops just once a year. Other parts are lush, growing year-round. Where we live the extinct volcanos force rain (and on Kili, snow!), thus creating these year-round Edens in the midst of semi-aridity. Even on the above pic you can see the multitudes of streams that flow out from each mountain. Our campus water supply comes directly from one of those springs, giving us fresh clean water all year! Inside both Arusha and Kilimanjaro National Parks are rain forests.

The climate scientists tell us that one of the major effects of climate change may be that the global mechanism that brings rain to the tropics (the ITCZ) will narrow. People here report that the rains are less certain, which is a very serious problem for poor countries that depend so heavily on agriculture. The short rains didn’t happen a couple years ago, and many people in several places in Tanzania simply starved. We here in the garden around the mountains do not worry for ourselves, but we must worry for our neighbors.

But let us also celebrate the works of God in the extraordinary plants around us! Here are just a few of them.

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So, allow me to close with some theology…

God’s works are so much greater than ours! More beautiful, stronger, stranger, more brilliant, so full of life.

We cannot do our job of witnessing to the glory of God and the gospel of God unless we see and enjoy and love ALL the works of God, including those that are not about us and for us. We have to find our place within God’s works, and not imagine that God’s works are all about us. All of these beautiful works witness to the great glory and majesty of God just as much as does the gospel – Glory be to God for ALL of God’s work!


Please check out our FB page M&CinTZ, where Cynthia has posted even more Tanzania and Zanzibar pics. We’ll post this newsletter, as always, on our webpage mcintz.wordpress.com.

Soon we will begin to make arrangements for our congregation visits in August, September, and October! We look forward to seeing even more of you all!

We SO appreciate all our sponsors! If you or your congregation would be interested in sponsoring our work, please contact us!

In the peace of Christ,

Mark Rich and Cynthia Holder Rich

Cynthia.HolderRich@elca.org   Mark.Rich@elca.org